People have been making coffee for centuries. However, all this time, the methods of making coffee did not change that much. What’s interesting is that the culture around coffee carries from country to country. Most countries drink it differently. Their brewing methods are different. Their serving vary from what was most available to the people back in the time. However, the process of turning coffee beans into a product that’s ready for brewing has almost not changed. These days, people mainly make three types of roasted coffee. Let’s see what they are and what countries make them.
The process of making coffee
We all used to think of coffee as of these little brown beans open in half. They look pretty and smell even better. However, there is a long process behind such a look. In fact, there is a lot going on before we receive these kinds of beans on the markets. The process of making coffee beans ready for brewing can take at least several weeks.
Green beans in their original state do not possess any of the qualities that roasted coffee does. In fact, roasting is what makes coffee the way we can recognize it. It brings out the best in the beans. The difference among roasting processes defines how the coffee will taste like. A lot of different aspects can contribute to what type of roast, light, medium, or dark, a country will choose. A region where coffee grows can play the biggest part in this decision. The thing is, different regions can create totally different coffee beans. The humidity, sunlight, altitude, everything can affect the qualities of coffee beans. This is why not many countries can grow coffee in the first place.
Now, a lot also depends on the traditions and national preferences. Some nations like their coffee strong. Others like tasting different notes while tasting their coffee. The best costa rican coffee may not find many fans in France and vice versa. Overall, all of these factors and more have to be considered when roasting coffee beans. Overall, it all comes to the three methods listed above. Let’s learn more about them.
First, let’s note that the name of the roast comes simply from the college of the coffee beans. Initially, beans are green. It is during the roasting that they receive a familiar color. Light roast, as you might already guess, make beans with light brown color. Only beans of great quality can be roasted lightly. Why? Well, the simple answer is – they can handle it. The long cooking process kills the original qualities of a product. Hence, it’s quite inefficient to roast good beans for too long. Such a process will destroy all the special taste. Light beans have a more sour taste than the other roast. It also has a light body. South American countries prefer roasting their concerns lightly.
Medium roast is widely popular all across North America. It has a soft taste, yet it is much stronger than coffee beans of light roast.
Medium coffee beans always have a sweeter taste. Their natural sugar starts to come to the surface at this stage of roasting, while fire caramelizes it. Medium roast creates an interesting mix of flavors. Partly you can taste the roast but party the beans. It’s always better to know what coffee you are going to make with medium roast coffee beans. However, if you are new to coffee, it’s good to start with a medium roast. It’s not so bitter and intense as a dark roast, but it’s not so sour and delicate as a light roast.
Before buying coffee beans, you should also think about the methods of brewing. You can even look up a guide on the best budget coffee makers designed for different coffee roasts.
Dark roast is when coffee beans spend the most time roasting. It is easy to recognize coffee cooked with a dark roast. It always has a darker color and a thicker body. It is usually strong, with a nice smokey taste. Such coffee is more bitter than sour. The trick with dark roast coffee is not to burn it, especially since the dark roasted beans start to release oil on their surface. Usually, beaтs with lesser qualities are turned into a dark roast.
Countries like Italy, Austria, and France, which take pride in their coffee, love the darkest roast. The secret behind this fact is simple. These countries prefer espresso over any other coffee. Dark roast, unlike others, can dissolve in hot water the fastest. A perfect espresso is made in 30 seconds. Hence, dark roasted beans are the best option here.