Contractors typically draft construction plans for home renovations. However, those plans often come to a halt when they notice mold – a type of fungus most commonly recognized by its foul odor and unsightly dark spots – in warm, damp areas of the home. Individuals who are sensitive to mold could experience mild to severe health problems, so it is important that the contractor notifies the homeowner. While hundreds of species exist, learn about eight common types of mold and how they can affect your health.
According to Mold Remediation Information, Aspergillus is the most common mold found in homes and offices. Particularly found in kitchens and bathrooms, Aspergillus is associated with respiratory infections such as Aspergillosis.
Penicillium is a type of mold commonly found on fruits, wallpaper, and plywood. Although it tends to cause hay fever, asthma, and hypersensitivity pneumonitis, Penicillium is also used in food processing and as an antibiotic to treat diseases.
This mold is typically found on damp wallpaper and carpet. Skin lesions, sinusitis, and asthma attacks have been associated with this type of mold, according to Mold & Bacteria Consulting Laboratories.
Also known as “black mold,” Stachybotrys is one of the most toxic molds that grow on materials such as wood, wicker, cardboard, and walls, and should be professionally removed. According to Fresh Start Restoration, a company that provides mold remediation in Kansas City, visible mold needs to be removed immediately; but it is more important to test the area after removal to ensure the air quality is safe.
Materials that are damp for long periods of time such as textiles, cardboard, and canvas tend to house Alternaria, a mold known for causing allergies.
A toxic mold if ingested, Acremonium is typically hard to find since it tends to live inside drywall and insulation. If inhaled or ingested, this mold can cause nausea, vomiting, and skin and nail infections.
Mucor, a fast-growing mold, lives in air conditioning units and ducts. It is associated with zygomycosis, a rare infection that affects the sinuses and lungs, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Fusarium, a known allergen, has been found on wallpaper and in extremely wet areas such as in basements, humidifiers, and HVAC systems.
Seek professional companies in your area if mold is found in your home. However, if you choose to use bleach to get rid of mold, CDC suggests opening windows and doors, wearing protective gloves and eyewear, and consulting the Mold Remediation in Schools and Commercial Buildings guide for mold that covers more than 10 square feet.